Medical Treatment

  • State of the art medical management of various retinal conditions including Diabetic Retinopathy, Hypertensive Retinopathy, and other Age Related Retinopathies.
  • Periocular injections – A simple injection given at the outermost layer of the eye ball to treat fluid collections at the crucial areas of the retina.
  • Intraocular injections – The injection is given inside the eye. The procedure is done under all aseptic conditions under topical (drop) anaesthesia.
  • Glaucoma Management.
  • Refractive Error Correction.

Investigations

  • A scan.
  • IOL master.
  • FFA – It is a 20 minute procedure. A green dye is injected into the arm and eye is photographed. The procedure is needed to determine the small subclinical problems with the blood supply of the retina. The test requires dilated pupil.
  • OCT – It is a 5 minute procedure. A laser beam is dirested into the eye to scan the crucial areas of the eye. The test determines the thickness of the retina and helps in highlighting the problems in various layers of the retina. The test requires dilated pupil.
  • INDIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPY – It is a simple test of 5 minutes duration. Retina is examined through a beam of light going into the eye. It is a basic test and requires dilated pupil.

Surgical Management

  • Small Incision Cataract Surgery.
  • Glaucoma Surgery.
  • Pterygium Surgery.

Diabetic retinopathy diagnosis and management – Screening for diabetic retinopathy is important for individuals having diabetes of five years or more duration. It can destroy the vision silently over a period of time. Patients if diagnosed would need FFA and/or OCT to define the stage of the disease. Advanced cases might need retinal laser treatment or vitrectomy surgery to restore the vision.

Hypertensive retinopathy – Hypertensive retinopathy can affect the eye quietly or can present as loss of vision with sudden onset. Patients with hypertension needs to be examined from time to time and if evidence of retinopathy is found, they would need FFA, OCT, retinal laser or vitrectomy (surgery) depending on the kind of damage.

Age related retinopathies – Crucial areas of the retina can get affected during the old age. Generally the disease affects the people with age more than 50. Vision loss is generally slow and progressive. In few unfortunate patients there can be sudden acceleration of the disease process as well. FFA and OCT are required to diagnose the extent of the disease. Treatment options include medications, intravitreal injections, lasers, telescopic IOL implantation and vitrectomy depending on the extent of injury.